Course will follow the evolution of ideas of culture from Classical Antiquity to the present, discussing different notions of culture across the world, whether anthropological, political or otherwise. We will begin by considering how culture is opposed to nature, and then move to the idea of comparative cultural anthropology in the Enlightenment, and finish with discussing current ideas of “cultural technologies.” Culture has also been opposed to technology (particularly in old European ideas of high culture), yet it increasingly depends on material mediation, whether through book-printing, the public institutions of newspaper and symphony orchestra, or radio, film and TV. Co-requisites: DISC 200.