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Chicago Turabian

Reference List--A list that appears at the end of the paper that cites the sources using the author-date method.  Use the reference list in conjunction with parenthetical references.  This list includes only those sources that are directly cited in the paper.

Bibliography-A list that appears at the end of the paper that cites all of the sources you consulted while researching for the paper.  This list includes sources you do not directly cite in your paper.

Note: Chicago/Turabian is a very complex style format.  If you have any questions, it is highly recommended that you consult a copy of The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition or A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses and Dissertations, 6th Edition for more information.

Key for Examples

N=in note form citation
B=bibliography citation

PR=parenthetical reference citation
RL=reference list citation

Books with One Author

N    1.  Charles Bazerman, The Informed Writer(Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1981), 25.      B     Bazerman, Charles. The Informed Writer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1981.  
PR   (Bazerman 1981, 25)  
RL    Bazerman, Charles. 1981. The informed writer. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 

Magazine Article

N     1.  Christina Gorman, "Why So Many of Us Are Getting Diabetes," Time, November 30, 2003: 24.  
B     Gorman, Christina. "Why So Many of Us Are Getting Diabetes." Time, November 30, 2003. 
PR   (Gorman 2003, 24)  
RL    Gorman, Christina. 2003. "Why so many of us are getting diabetes." Time, November 30, 2003. 

Newspaper Article

Newspapers do not need to be cited in reference lists or bibliographies if they are cited in a parenthetical reference in the text. Newspaper pagination is not constant from one edition to another; therefore, page numbers are not included in newspaper citations. If a newspaper has multiple editions, common in larger newspapers, including the edition in the reference is preferred.

N   1. Rachel Raccuglia, "Local Acupuncturist Saves the Life of Area Kitten," Kansas City Star, November 16, 2003, local edition, sec. 1.

PR  (Raccuglia 2003)

Journal Articles

Journals can either be paginated sequentially throughout a volume or they can have separate pagination starting with each issue. Though technically an issue number can be excluded if the journal is sequentially paginated, doing so is not recommended. You may omit the issue number if a month or season is included with the year, however.

N     1.  Deepika Bahri, "Marginally Off-Center: Postcolonialism in the Teaching Machine," College English 59, no. 3 (1997): 277-298.  
B      Bahri, Deepika.  "Marginally Off-Center: Postcolonialism in the Teaching Machine." College English 59, no. 3 (1997) 277-298.   
PR    (Bahri 1997, 277-298)  
RL     Bahri, Deepika.  1997.  Marginally off-center: Postcolonialism in the teaching machine.  College English 59 (1): 277-298.

Article from an Online Database

N    1.  Robert Bernard Hass, "The Mutable Locus Amoenus and Consolation in Tennyson's In Memoriam," Studies in English Literature (Rice) 38, no. 4 (1998): 669, URL  
B     Hass, Robert Bernard.  "The Mutable Locus Amoenus and Consolation in Tennyson's In Memoriam." Studies in English Literature (Rice) 38, no. 4 (1998). URL
PR   (Hass 1998)  
RL    Hass, Robert Bernard. (1998). The mutable locus amoenus and consolation in Tennyson's In Memoriam. Studies in English literature (Rice) 38 (4).  URL

Article from a Website

N    1.  Taegan Goddard, "Poll Suggests Trouble for McCain in 2008," Taegan Goddard's Political Wire, URL
B    Goddard, Taegan.  "Poll Suggests Trouble for McCain in 2008." Taegan Goddard's Political Wire. URL
PR  (Goddard 2006)  
RL   Goddard, Taegan. 2006. Poll suggests trouble for McCain in 2008. Taegan Goddard's political wire. URL



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