Student Learning Outcomes
The following listing of skills required by the Standards for Advanced Specialty Education Programs in Endodontics are assessed through seminars, examinations, one-on-one discussions, papers, presentations, laboratory exercises, mock board exercises, and clinical care on patients.
The graduate will demonstrate applied knowledge and clinical skills in the following areas:
- Anatomy of soft and hard tissues of the head and neck with particular emphasis on the teeth and their supporting structures.
- Embryology, histology and physiology of the pulpal/periradicular complex.
- Microbial ecology of the oral flora and the microbiologic aspects of caries, and pulpal and periradicular diseases.
- Infectious and immunologic processes in oral health and disease.
- Pathophysiology as is relates to diseases of the pulpal/periradicular complex and orofacial pain.
- Mechanisms of inflammation and wound healing with emphasis on the pulpal/periradicular/periodontal complex.
- Oral medicine and pathology as they relate to the differential diagnosis and management of clinical conditions that may require endodontic treatment.
- Pharmacotherapeutic agents used in the management of systemic diseases that may influence the management of patients requiring endodontic treatment.
- Mechanisms, interactions and effects of drugs used in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of pulpal and periradicular pathoses.
- Principles of biostatistics, research design, research methodology, scientific writing, and critical evaluation of the literature.
- Biomaterial science as it relates to endodontics.
- Collect, organize, analyze and interpret data from the medical and dental histories and clinical evaluation to determine their relationship to the patient's endodontic treatment.
- Perform tests and clinical examinations and interpret the significance of the data in the differential diagnosis of clinical conditions arising from injury to the pathosis of pulp and periradicular tissues.
- Expose, process and interpret radiographs and/or take and interpret digital images.
- Establish differential interpretations of lesions and normal anatomic structures through radiographs or digital images.
- Formulate a diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment plan for conditions that require endodontic treatment in support of the total oral health of the patient, requesting information/consultation from other healthcare professionals as needed.
- Provide appropriate emergency treatment to relieve pain and resolve infections of endodontic origin.
- Recognize and manage, or prevent, endodontic pain and associated anxiety using physical, chemical and psychological modalities.
- Provide nonsurgical and surgical endodontic treatment.
- Retreat endodontically-treated teeth using both non-surgical and surgical techniques.
- Evaluate the results of endodontic treatment and determine whether additional evaluation/treatment is required.
- Provide space for intraradicular restorations and cores in endodontically treated teeth.
- Communicate to patients the nature of their endodontic conditions and the value of treatment to their overall oral health.
- Communicate with other health care professionals, interpreting their assessments and integrating this information into the treatment of the patient.
- Provide vital pulp therapy.
- Perform root-end closure procedures.
- Evaluate, diagnose and manage traumatic injuries to teeth and their supporting structures.
- Provide endodontic treatment for the medically compromised patient.
- Develop a differential diagnosis of orofacial pain.
- Diagnose and treat periodontal disease and defects in conjunction with the treatment of the specific tooth undergoing endodontic therapy; treatment should be provided in consultation with the individuals who will assume the responsibility for the completion or supervision of any additional periodontal maintenance or treatment.
- Place intraradicular restorations and cores in endodontically treated teeth; when the patient is referred, this treatment is accomplished in consultation with the restorative dentist.
- Perform non-surgical and surgical endodontic procedures using microscopy.
- Perform intracoronal bleaching procedures.
- The history of endodontics, teaching methodology, ethics.
- Endodontic endosseous implants, osseointegrated implants and techniques for placement of implants, and orthodontic extrusion procedures.